Mandarina Duck black is minimalist, linear, clean. Full of strength and character, it looks for a man who believes in the essence of things. An intense and aromatic fragrance, created by perfumer Nathalie Lorson Firmenich, it is both modern and captivating.The surprising top note is original and contains an exotic element. Indian pepper, essential since antiquity, is enveloped in a sparkling citrus cocktail of bergamot and Mediterranean tangerine. A fresh and natural Mediterranean blend. The middle notes reveal the elegant masculinity of its essence, thanks to its Tonka beans and its complex blend of sweet registers, which go all the way from tobacco to vanilla. The whole is enriched by touches of Tahitian Tiare flower and Orange flower, which also add purity and gentleness. The bottom notes reveal the sensuality and warmth of mixed noble woods such as Mysore sandalwood from New Caledonia and green cedar from the Atlas, as well as the elegant note of Madagascar vanilla. Essential, pure. Clean and enveloping. Dark and warm. Masculine. Mandarina Duck Pure Black. The fragrance, firstly launched in Spain in January, then entered other Middle East, European, Latinoamerican and Asian markets during the first quarter of 2009.